Perbedaan Pistol dan Revolver

Kita tentu sering mendengar kata ‘pistol’ atau ‘revolver’. Sayangnya, banyak diantara kita masih sering salah mengartikan perbedaan pistol dan revolver sebagai sebuah kata yang mengandung arti sama.

Bahkan, dibeberapa media cetak seperti koran, atau majalah masih sering ditemui kesalahan pengertian tersebut.

Kadangkala, pistol disebut sebagai FN, atau revolver disebut sebagai pistol, dll. Padahal keduanya merupakan jenis senjata genggam atau senjata laras pendek yang berbeda.

 

Senjata genggam atau senjata laras pendek lazim disebut ‘firearms‘ atau ‘handgun‘ sampai saat ini dikategorikan menjadi 2 jenis; yakni:

  1. Pistol
  2. Revolver

Image

Membedakannya mudah saja. Pistol menggunakan magazine (penyimpan peluru dengan sistim pegas yang mendorong peluru naik ke ruang picu (chamber)).

Sedangkan Revolver menggunakan penyimpan peluru dengan sistim putar (revolve) yang memutar peluru ke ruang picu (chamber).

Secara fisik, pistol (handgun) terlihat lebih ramping, karena ruang penyimpan peluru biasanya ada di handgrip (pegangan) sedangkan revolver menyimpan peluru di bagian belakang laras.

Mana yang lebih baik, sampai saat ini tetap jadi perdebatan. Keduanya memiliki keunggulan dan kelemahannya masing-masing. Hingga masalah mana yang lebih baik, akan kembali kepada penggunanya masing-masing.

Pistol diyakini lebih cepat menembakkan peluru kedua, ketiga, dst. Revolver diyakini lebih cepat dalam proses pengisian ulang (reloading) ketika peluru habis (katanya) <g>.

Sejarah

Revolver

Spesimen pertama dari revolver (dengan cara kerja yang sama dengan revolver yang ada saat ini) tercatat dibuat tahun 1680 di Inggris. Revolver ini bernama Snaphaunce Revolver. Senjata khusus yang dirancang dan dibuat untuk John Dafte.

Elisha Collier, mempatentkan rancangan Flinslock Revolver di Inggris, pada tahun 1818. Pada saat yang hampir bersamaan, rancangan yang nyaris sama dipatentkan oleh Artemus Wheeler di Amerika dan Cornelius Coolidge di Perancis. Siapa yang pertama, masih tidak terjawab sampai saat ini.

Image

Samuel Colt, pada tahun 1830 (saat itu ia berusia 16 tahun) mulai merancang sebuah konsep senjata baru dengan sistim putar (revolve).

Ia memperoleh patent untuk Revolving Gun di Inggris pada tahun 1835 dan di Amerika pada tahun 1836. Pada tahun tersebut, Ia juga mulai memproduksi revolving gun tersebut secara massal.

Pada tahun 1839, 1848 dan 1850, Samuel Colt terus mendaftarkan dan memperoleh patent atas konsep revolving gun-nya yang saat ini dikenal sebagai revolver.

Dengan kepiawaiannya tersebut, banyak orang menyandangkan predikat penemu revolver terhadap Samuel Colt.

 

Pistol

Pistol, diyakini dirancang oleh Samuel Colt dan John Browning yang merancang pistol legendaris Colt 1911 pada tahun 1887.

Rancangan senjata dengan sistim magazine tersebut awalnya didisain untuk tentara Amerika yang merasa kewalahan menggunakan revolver kaliber .38 dalam melawan perlawanan suku Moro di Philipines.

Dengan desain baru dan peluru berdiameter lebih besar (cal. 45), Pistol yang diambil dari bahasa Perancis ‘pistolet‘ dirancang untuk memberikan daya hantam (stopping power) lebih besar ketimbang revolver caliber .38 yang saat itu digunakan oleh tentara Amerika.

Image
Pada tahun 1906, desain-desain pistol yang dirancang oleh pembuat senjata Colt, Browning, Luger, Savage, Knoble, Bergmann, White-Merrill and Smith & Wesson, mulai diuji-cobakan di kemiliteran Amerika.

Salah satu rancangan, yakni milik Samuel Colt saat itu menjadi produk terbaik pada ujicoba yang dijalankan pada tanggal 3 Maret 1911. Model tersebut kemudian populer dengan nama Colt 1911 (ninetenth-eleven)

Pada ujicoba tersebut, pistol desain Colt tersebut lulus menembakkan 6000 peluru dengan penembakan terus-menerus per-100 butir peluru, dengan masa istirahat 5 menit, dan pembersihan pistol setiap 1000 peluru.

Setelah, lulus ujicoba tersebut. Pistol tersebut diproduksi secara masal, dan diberi kode/seri Colt Model 1911-A1 (atau M1911-A1). Sejak saat itu, desain pistol tidak (atau belum) pernah berubah hingga kini. Colt 1911 tersebut, sering dijuluki “A Mother of All Pistol

Jadi?

Jadi, kalau Anda melihat tulisan, e.q: “..ditemukan beragam senjata jenis FN dan revolver..” itu salah kaprah. Sebagian besar kita, orang Indonesia sering membahasakan ‘pistol’ sebagai ‘FN’. Padahal FN adalah sebuah nama (merk) fabrikan senjata di Belgia, ‘Fabrique Nationalle‘ bukan jenis senjata.

Istilah FN sering salah kaprah diartikan sebagai jenis senjata genggam. Padahal FN adalah merk pistol. Bukan jenis senjata. Sama seperti merk (fabrikan) senjata lain seperti Colt, Smith & Wesson, Winchester, dll.

Fabrique Nationalle (FN) juga memproduksi banyak senjata lain seperti FN – FAL, FN – FNC, FN – Minimi, dll.

So? Yang mana yang Anda pilih? pistol atau revolver? 🙂

 

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Features

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The Umarex 2254855 Steel Force .177-Caliber BB Air Pistol is a M4-stye BB machine perfect for recreational users. Designing, developing and marketing sport shooting products under the RWS, Walther, Hämmerli, Beretta, Colt, Smith & Wesson, HK, Ruger, Browning, Makarov, Tactical Force, Magnum Research, and Combat Zone brands. Umarex USA offers world-class products for multiple product categories including adult airguns and air rifles, BB and pellet pistols, air soft guns, specialized airgun optics, performance airgun ammunition, airgun accessories and tactical training paintball guns.

Umarex Steel Storm .177 Caliber Steel BB Airgun

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Features

  • Powered by two 12-gram CO2 cartridges housed in the drop-out mag (CO2 NOT included)
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  • Choose between single shot mode or 6-round "full-auto" burst mode
  • Shoots .177 caliber steel BBs at up to 430 fps
  • Features flip-up sights

For the ultimate backyard fun experience, pick up an Umarex Steel Storm Tactical Air Pistol. The first thing you will notice about the Steel Storm, is the striking look and feel, and the quality craftsmanship. The pistol has a single shot mode and a 6-shot (Full-auto) burst mode. A lever on the rear of the gun allows you to easily switch between modes. The Steel Storm is powered by two 12 g CO2 cartridges that are stored in the grip. To release the cartridges push the release button behind the trigger guard to partially release the trigger, and then press the secondary release on the back of the grip to fully release the cartridges. There is a small "key" stored in the bottom of the cartridge holder that is used to tighten fresh CO2 cartridges into position and removed old cartridges. A fresh set of cartridges will last around 300 shots. The Steel Storm has a 300-round BB reservoir, and a built-in 30-round magazine. To load the pistol simply pour the BBs in the reservoir, push the...

Umarex Glock 17 Gen4 GBB Airsoft, Black

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The Umarex Glock 17 Gen4 GBB airsoft, black replica boasts an enhanced grip texture. This Glock 17 Gen4 replica is also functionally identical to the firearm that inspires it. Shooters will appreciate the familiar ergonomics, take down procedure, metal slide, drop free 20 round magazine, and the realistic blowback action. The G17 Gen4 comes in airsoft field safe at 290 FPS with a .20 gram BB.

Umarex XBG 2254804 CO2 Powered .177 Caliber Steel BB Air Gun Pistol

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The Umarex 2254804 XBG Multi-Shot CO2 Power .177-Caliber Air Pistol is compact, lightweight and has a 19-shot drop-free metal magazine for quick reloading. Designing, developing and marketing sport shooting products under the RWS, Walther, Hämmerli, Beretta, Colt, Smith & Wesson, HK, Ruger, Browning, Makarov, Tactical Force, Magnum Research, and Combat Zone brands. Umarex USA offers world-class products for multiple product categories including adult airguns and air rifles, BB and pellet pistols, air soft guns, specialized airgun optics, performance airgun ammunition, airgun accessories and tactical training paintball guns.

Beretta M92 A1 .177 Steel BB Airgun- BLOWBACK

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The Beretta Model 92A1 is a FULL AUTO CO2 powered 6mm Steel BB pistol with full blowback capability. Included is a 19 round, CO2 powered, drop free magazine.

Colt Single Action Army 45 .177 Pellet Nickel Air Pistol

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  • Iconic Frontier Six-Shooter Colt Peacemaker air gun is as much fun to look at as it is to shoot; All metal frame and realistic action
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A faithful replica of the original Colt peacemaker! unlike most other Co2 revolvers, the Colt peacemaker loads a bit differently. Like the firearm, the cylinder does not swing out. Therefore, each shell is loaded separately through a loading gate on the right side of the cylinder. To make the cylinder turn, you have to pull the hammer back to half-cocked. Then, rotate the cylinder to either load a full shell or remove an empty one (by pushing on the ejector rod). since the shells are loaded singly, speedloaders cannot be used. This Co2 revolver features an all metal frame and fixed front sights.

Umarex Brodax .177 Caliber Steel BB Airgun Pistol

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The Umarex brodax is a modern-day Air-Powered BB slinger revolver that is stylish and attractive. It may remind you of a gun you might see in a video game or science fiction movie. Vented ports are positioned atop the barrel housing with a Picatinny rail positioned at top-rear making it ready for a dot sight. Located below the barrel, another Picatinny rail is ready for a laser or flashlight. The brodax has a lightweight polymer frame with internal metal parts including the trigger and hammer. The material Make-up combined with its external sleek lines give the brodax Great balance.

Umarex Heckler & Koch MP5 2252330 BB 40 Rounds 400fps Air Rifle, 0.177 Caliber, Black

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  • Great for use as a training tool and very fun to shoot
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Umarex offers the MP5K PDW air rifle as part of its Heckler and Koch collection. The.177 caliber gun features an impressive 6 inch barrel, foldable stock and forearm grip. Semi automatic action, a velocity of up to 400 feet per second and a 40 shot clip make this gun a popular choice.

Book

Standard Catalog of Military Firearms

Standard Catalog of Military Firearms

F&W Publications Incorporated. 2017

Military and nautical engineering.

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment

Firearms Law and the Second Amendment

Wolters Kluwer Law & Business. 2017

This casebook is the first and only traditional law school casebook to cover the subject. It provides a comprehensive treatment of cases and materials before and after the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark cases in District of Columbia v. Heller (2008) and McDonald v. Chicago (2010), which affirmed the constitutional right to private firearm possession and use, and made the right enforceable against the states. From days of Anglo-Saxon King Alfred’s militia in the eighth century through the...

Firearms: An Illustrated History

Firearms: An Illustrated History

Penguin. 2014

Published in conjunction with the Smithsonian Institution, Firearms: An Illustrated History charts the evolution of the gun, from the pistol and rifle to the machine gun and revolver. DK's trademark beautifully photographed catalogs of firearms and stunning close-up details of key weapons combine in this lavish history of the gun, tracing its development from early flintlocks and muskets to modern-day military guns.

Blue Book of Airguns

Blue Book of Airguns

The new 7th Edition Blue Book of Airguns contains most popular 2008 and vintage makes and models, detailed descriptions, hundreds of B&W images identifying many popular makes and models, and up-to-date pricing.

Firearms

Firearms

Cambridge University Press. 2003

This book asks why Europeans perfected firearms when the Chinese had invented them by looking at how firearms were used throughout the world.

Blue Book of Gun Values

Blue Book of Gun Values

Complete Book of the Air Gun

Complete Book of the Air Gun

Firearm and Toolmark Identification

Firearm and Toolmark Identification

Academic Press. 2018

Firearm and Tool Mark Identification: The Scientific Reliability of the Forensic Science Discipline examines the scientific reliability of the firearm and tool mark identification discipline (FATM-ID). It answers two primary questions that are necessary to assess the reliability of FATM-ID, including 1) Do different tools produce different tool marks? and 2) Can a trained examiner reliably distinguish among them? Other books published on the topic have assumed these true and have simply...

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When is a Revolver better than an Auto Pistol?

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How To Buy A Revolver - A Look At Different Pistol Revolvers & Things To Consider

In this video I show different revolvers made by different manufacturers and discuss the differences in sight, grips, barrel length, hammer and more. NOTE; HERE ...

3 Comments

  1. Ooooh, Mas Irwan yang nulis artikel tentang senjata di edisi khusus majalah Angkasa ya, Mas?

    Salam kenal Mas.. btw: artikelnya banyak dicontek orang tuh..

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