Pengembangan Armada TNI-AL

Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia sebagian besar wilayahnya merupakan wilayah laut dan posisi geografisnya diapit oleh samudera luas.  Maka untuk sektor pertahanan diperlukan keberadaan Angkatan Laut yang kuat dengan didukung kapal-kapal perang modern.

Namun keterbatasan anggaran belanja militer yang dialokasikan oleh pemerintah selama ini belum dapat mendukung kebutuhan Alat Utama Sistem Senjata (Alutsista) TNI Angkatan Laut.  Hal ini menjadikan kekuatan Sistem Persenjataan yang dimiliki dapat dikatakan sangat minim.

Alutsista TNI Angkatan Laut yang utama adalah keberadaan kapal-kapal perang yang modern.  Kapal perang juga mendjadi tulang punggung Sistem Senjata Armada Terpadu (SSAT) TNI Angkatan Laut.

Kapal-kapal yang dimiliki sekarang ini – terutama kapal perang – merupakan kapal-kapal yang usianya sudah sangat lanjut, contoh saja Frigate kelas Van Speijk atau kelas Tribal serta kelas Claud Jones (Kelas KRI Samadikun) yang rata-rata usianya sudah diatas 20 tahun-an.

Dalam upaya meningkatkan kekuatan satuan armada TNI Angkatan Laut, pada  hari Rabu, 7 Januari 2004, telah ditandatangani pemesanan dua unit kapal perang kelas Corvette dari perusahaan galangan dari negeri Belanda – Royal Schelde (Schelde Naval Shipbuilding – member of the DAMEN Group).

Tidak hanya itu, beberapa bulan kemudian, tepatnya hari Jum’at 8 Oktober 2004 juga ditandatangani Nota Kesepakatan antara TNI Angkatan Laut dengan PT. PAL Indonesia, Surabaya untuk pembuatan Korvet Nasional yang ditandai dengan kegiatan simbolis pemotongan baja pertama.

Korvet Nasional merupakan hasil kerjasama rancang bangun dengan Orrizonte Sistemi Navali S.P.A. (Fincantieri Shipyard) dan Italian Navy Corvette serta PT. PAL Indonesia.

Korvet Nasional dirancang untuk mampu melaksanakan misi operasi tempur seperti Peperangan Anti Pesawat udara (AAW/Anti-Air Warfare), Peperangan melawan kapal permukaan (ASuW/Anti-Surface Warfare), Peperangan Anti Kapal Selam (ASW/Anti- Submarine Warfare), dan Peperangan Elektronika (EW/Electronic Warfare).

Kapal yang menurut rancangannya berbobot 1.600 ton ini memiliki panjang (garis air) 80 meter, Draft 3.46 meter, lebar 12.2 meter, tinggi permukaan ke geladak utama 8.2 meter dengan kecepatan rata-rata 25.2 knot dengan kekuatan daya dorong 2×7.400 kw mengakomodasi 81 personil awak kapal.  Namun hingga naskah ini diturunkan masih belum diperoleh informasi berapa lama waktu yang diperlukan untuk pembuatan sebuah korvet nasional ini.

KELAS SIGMASigma Class Corvette yang dipesan dari Belanda sebanyak 2 unit merupakan jenis corvette hasil rancangan baru yang sangat inovatif dan unik.

Disebut sebagai SIGMA kependekan dari Ship Integrated Geometrical Modularity Approach.  Dengan memajukan dua aspek keunggulan; flexibility dan affordability.

Pabrik pembuatnya mengkatagorikan kapal ini sebagai Naval Patrol Vessel dengan seri dasar memiliki panjang antara 52 sampai 98 meterm untuk pesanan TNI Angkatan Laut dengan panjang 90 meter. Dan bobot yang dirancang berkisar antara 440 ton untuk jenis terkecil sampai dengan 1.930 ton untuk jenis terbesar.
Image

Pilihan propulsi yang ada termasuk twin screw controllable pitch propeller atau twin water jets, yang menggerakkan dua atau empat mesin diesel dan dua screw fixed pitch propellers atau twin water jets.  Sistem elektronik sepenuhnya dihasilkan oleh empay atau enam DG-sets.  Pilihan lain bila diperlukan antara lain gas turbin.

Kapal perang ini dilengkapi dengan senjata utama Super Rapid Gun caliber 76mm dari Oto Mellara, serta dilengkapi dengan senapan mesin caliber 20mm untuk bagian lambung. Selain memiliki system tempur (Sewaco) mutakhir, kapal ini juga dilengkapi dengan rudal anti-permukaan serta rudal anti-pesawat jarak pendek, selain itu juga dipersenjatai dengan peluncur torpedo.

Sistem kendali tempur yang diadopsi oleh kapal ini termasuk dari generasi mutakhir.  Kapal ini juga mampu membawa sebuah pesawat helicopter yang pada masa datang dapat digunakan untuk menghadapi target jarak jauh (OTH/Over The Horizon), misalkan bila menggunakan sista rudal MM-40 Block-3 (Exocet).

Sumber data: Royal Schelde Web, berbagai sumber (maliharu)

Amazon

Tamiya Models  German WWII Battleship Bismarck

$107.99
$81.59  in stock
8 new from $81.59
Free shipping
Buy Now
Amazon.com
as of 18/05/2020 4:04 AM

Features

  • The leader in hobby products around the world
  • Made using the highest quality components and materials
  • Test for durabitlity and safety
  • Kit is 27.1 Inch long
  • Display stand and name plate included

T 06.00 hours on Saturday 24th May 1941, the Royal Navy was dealt one of its most shattering blows. The 42,000 ton battle-cruiser Hood was destroyed after an action lasting barely eight minutes with Bismarch, the largest and most modern battleship in service with the German Navy. Three days later, after the most celebrated sea chase of the Second World War, which involved no fewer than three British battleships, two battle cruisers, two aircraft carriers and nine cruisers, plus numerous destroyers, Bismarck was brought to bay, reduced to a blazing hulk and finally sunk. The career of the most feared German warship was terminated a mere nine months after she was commissioned.

Tamiya Models Japanese Musashi Battleship

$145.99
$106.98  in stock
10 new from $54.00
Free shipping
Buy Now
Amazon.com
as of 18/05/2020 4:04 AM

Features

  • Comes with a display stand
  • Comes with newly-designed mast parts
  • 1/350 Scale Warship

The Musashi was the second ship in the Yamato-class which were the largest battleships ever built. Completed in 1942, the Musashi took part in various campaigns before finally meeting her fate at the hands of U.S. Navy aircraft in the Battle of Leyte Gulf. Tamiya's precision-made assembly kit model recreates this giant battleship in exquisite detail, including her defensive anti-aircraft suite of numerous single 25mm cannons on the main deck. This different anti-aircraft armament makes for an interesting comparison with the Yamato. Tamiya rereleased Musashi in 1981 and this great model kit is available again with new mast parts.

Tamiya German Battleship Tirpitz

$139.99
$76.70  in stock
6 new from $76.70
Free shipping
Buy Now
Amazon.com
as of 18/05/2020 4:04 AM

Features

  • The leader in hobby products around the world
  • Made using the highest quality components and materials
  • Test for durability and safety

1-350 Scale. Highly detailed kit by Tamiya. Measures 29 inches long when complete. Full hull model with decals and instructions and display stand. Skill level 2

Tamiya Models IJN Light Cruiser Mikuma Model Kit

$142.37  in stock
9 new from $100.00
Buy Now
Amazon.com
as of 18/05/2020 4:04 AM

Features

  • High quality photo-etched parts to depict details such as float plane propellers and crane are included
  • The masts and radio antennas are made of reinforced ABS resin
  • 1/350 Scale Warship

Imperial Japanese Navy Mogami class cruiser, fitted with triple 155mm gun turrets prior to reclassification as a heavy cruiser. Model has optional full or waterline hull, strengthening bulkheads, major components secured with screws (screwdriver included), highly detailed superstructure, decks, ship's boats, deck fittings and weapons (including interchangeable main gun barrels at high and low elevation). Also includes transparent bridge windows and searchlight lenses, durable ABS masts and fine structures, display stand with nameplates, metal anchor chain and propeller shafts, photo-etch parts (propeller guards, foremast lattices, catapult/crane/funnel details, aircraft props and catapult trolleys) plus 3 highly detailed seaplanes (Kawanishi E7K (x1) and Nakajima E8N (x2) with optional wire and plastic stands to depict aircraft in flight). Finishing touches are a color painting guide, printed paper flag sheet and decals for ship and aircraft - including national insignia, tail...

Tamiya Inj Destroyer Kagero Hobby Model Kit

$68.68  in stock
8 new from $51.70
Free shipping
Buy Now
Amazon.com
as of 18/05/2020 4:04 AM

Features

  • 1/350 scale kit
  • Completed TM78032 is approximately 13. 3" long
  • Features waterline or full hull

1/350 scale. Imperial Japanese Navy Destroyer Kagero. The Kagero-class destroyers Kagero-gata Kuchikukan were a group of 19 destroyers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during the 1930s. The IJN called them Destroyer Type-A Ko-gata Kuchikukan from their plan name. Kit features waterline or full hull, detailed deck surfaces and superstructures, fine deck fittings, weapons suite including (depth charge launcher, twin type 96 25mm gun mounts, type 92 quadruple torpedo launcher, type 94 gun director, twin 12.7mm gun turrets), ship's boats, search light, anchor chain, propeller shafts, photoetch (loop antenna, propeller guards, ladders and more), display stand with nameplates. Completed model is approximately 13.3" long. Decals and color reference for s single ship - Includes hull markings and printed paper flag sheet

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.